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Uniforms of Colonial Australia, Volume 7, the Colony of Victoria; the Volunteers from 1842 to 1883, Naval Forces and Cadets

This CD contains over 170 illustrations of uniforms worn by the Volunteers from 1842 to the changeover to a Militia system in 1884, the uniforms of the Victorian Naval forces from 1859 to 1902, and some of the cadets from 1885 to 1902. All plates are full page illustrations, as shown immediately below, with detailed descriptions.

A brief history of the Volunteers, naval forces and the cadets are provided, with contemporary newspaper articles where applicable. There are annual strength statements for the majority of period, details of weapons used in the colony, a history of the uniforms, badges and equipment used during the period to 1883.

The Dress Regulations for 1863 and 1875 are provided, with as many rules and regulations for individual Corps and the Force as I could find.

There are also numerous photographs and photographs of original items provided courtesy of the Victorian State Library and Australian War Memorial.

A complete list of illustrations is shown at the bottom of the page.     Cost $24.00

Example Page

Captain & Corporal, Geelong Volunteer Rifle Corps, 1856

From an 1854 newspaper - The Geelong Rifle Club is being actively organised. They have held a field day, and the results are duly blazoned in the papers, with the number of shots, hits, &c. The members do not at present appear to be first-rate marksmen.  The uniform, is to be black cloth trousers, having the military stripe in black silk braid. The jacket of the same material with golden shoulder ornament, and probably some fancy embroidery in braid on the back. This latter is, as yet, undecided though it was strongly recommended by a  youthful wag of fifty, who suggested that the Russians would have a better mark to fire at, being uncharitably conceived that the rear of the corps would be most seen by the enemy. The above dress surmounted by a black leather foraging cap, a cartouche box slung over his shoulder, and a rifle by his side, will give an idea of a Geelong rifle-man.

From a newspaper of 1854 - The Geelong Volunteers. Formation of Corps.-The corps to be formed of one or more companies. Each company to be composed of lcaptain,2 lieu-tenants, 1 standard-bearer or ensign, 1 sergeant major, 2 sergeants, 2 corporals, 51 rank and file. '1 but there be one regimental or drill sergeant major for the club or corps, and one acting and one consulting surgeon, and one secretary. When the club consists of two or more companies, it is necessary a major and adjutant be appointed.

Officers.-To make themselves perfectly acquainted with the drill and exercises in accordance with the regulations laid down, and observe the following specified rules for their guidance:

Major.- To have the chief command of tho corps until an officer of higher grade is appointed; when on actual service, or called out or general inspection.

Adjutant- To superintend drill and exercise, and field movements and formations, to superintend the returns, and. communicate the orders of tho field officer,

Captain.- To have command of companies, but object to the direction of the field-officer, when on actual service or general Inspection.

Lieutenants.- To lead divisions in accordance with the commands of their captains, and aid in tho perfection of tho discipline of (he corps.

Secretary.- To conduct all correspondence, subject to the direction of the commanding officers.

Standard-Bearer or Ensign.- The senior standard. bearer or ensign to have charge of the regimental colours, and bear them on state occasions, and act In accordance with the commands of their superior officers. .

Sergeant-Major.- To form company's parade, call muster-roll, inspect arms, clothing, and accoutrements, and see that they are properly cleaned and adjusted.

Sergeants and Corporals.- To assist the sergeants-major in their duties.

Private Members.- To be punctual in their attendance on parade, maintain strict silence in the ranks, to obey tho commands of their superior officers, and on all occasions appear in proper uniform, agreeable to the regulations.

And it is particularly requested that strict attention be paid daring drill.

Uniforms.

Major.- Invisible green frock coat, with four silver stars on each side of collar of coat, bullion epaulets, grey or Queen's mixture trousers, with silver lace stripes; black glazed cap, with hone, hair plume, sash and side-arms. Forage cap with silver band.

Captains and Surgeons.- The same as above, with three stars and silver cord epaulets.

Lieutenants.- The same as above, with two stars

Lieutenants.- The same as above, with two stars.

Adjutant.- The same as above.

Standard-Bearer Ensign, Drill Sergeant-Major and Sergeants-Major.- Frock coat, with white cord or narrow silver lace round the collar of the coat, and three stripes on each wrist, and silver sword, knot; mixture trousers, with black stripe, glazed cap and plume, and side arms. Plain forage cap.

Sergeants.- As above, with two stripes .on tho wrist Rifle and side arms.

Corporals.- Same as above, with one stripe only on the wrists.

Private Members.- The same as above, but without lace.

Orders of Uniform, i.e.

Review Order,-Full uniform-rifle and side arms.

Field-day Order.-Full uniform, but with forage caps-during the summer months in white trousers.

Full Dress for Dinners, Balls, etc.-Complete uniform, but with side arms only.

Geelong Volunteer Rifle Corps   8 Jan 1855   Rules and Regulations

XI            The dress shall be according to the sealed pattern, from which no deviation will on any account be permitted.

XII           The distinguishing badge between officers and NCOs and privates to be that the officers shall wear a sword with steel hilt and scabbard, black patent leather sling belt, black patent leather pouch belt and pouch, with silver whistle and chain, worn over the shoulder; in addition to which the field officers shall wear 4 stars on the collar, the Captains 3 stars, the Lieutenants 2 stars and second lieutenants one star.

From a newspaper of February, 1855 - The Geelong Rifle CORPS.--yesterday this corps held its usual grand monthly meeting when Dr Barlie, who is major, appeared, for the first time, mounted, and clothed in a magnificent uniform, being the dark green dress of the corps trimmed with silver. The epaulets, cartouche-box, sword-belt, sabretache, &e., were of the handsomest description, and a more showy uniform could nit possibly have been obtained.

From an 1854 newspaper - The German Volunteer Rifle Corps. This body, though limited in number, also made a very creditable appearance. Their uniform was of that dark green with black braid facings, usual amongst rile corps, as affording the least conspicuous mark to an enemy in skirmishing. The arms of the corps consisted of the rifle and the short sword, which is used in place of the bayonet by troops of this armament.

From a newspaper of June, 1855 - The uniforms have been made by Mr. Bray, of Market-square, and Mir. Murray, of Kardinia-street, and it may not be uninteresting to our readers to give some slight description of it. The colour is invisible green, and the coat is a frock one, that of the officers being ornamented with braid on the breast, and the cuffs and collar being of black velvet. The trousers are of tile same colour, with a braid stripe down them. The belt holding the cartouche box of tile officers is ornamented with silver. The cap is a plain cap of the same colour as the suit, and ornamented with a silver bugle. The dress of the privates differs from the officers in that it is merely edged with braid ; the collar and cuffs not being of velvet; the belt and cartouche box merely being of enamelled  leather. The privates wear a short sword, which, when fixed to the piece, answers the purpose of a bayonet. The full uniform of the Sergeant-Major is particularly handsome, being turned up with gold lace.

The number of uniforms which have been already made, are only between 70 and 80, and when the Ashby Company is formed, there will not be above some 110 really working members who attend to the drills. The uniforms have been made by Mr. Bray, of Market-square, and Mir. Murray, of Kardinia-street, and it may not be uninteresting to our readers to give some slight description of it. The color is invisible green, and the coat is a frock one, that of the officers being ornamented with braid on the breast, and the cuffs and collar being of black velvet. The trousers are of tile same color, with a braid stripe down them. The belt holding the cartouche box of tile officers is ornamented with silver. The cap is a plain cap of the same color as the suit, and ornamented with a silver bugle. The dress of the privates differs from the officers in that it is merely edged with braid; the collar and cuffs not being of velvet; the belt and cartouche box merely being of enamelled leather. The privates wear a short sword, which, when fixed to the piece, answers the purpose of a bayonet. The full uniform of the Sergeant-Major 'is particularly handsome, being turned up with gold lace.

From a newspaper of August, 1855 - Previous to the arrival of His Excellency, the brigade was formed in line at one side of the door of Mack's Hotel, the other side being similarly occupied by the German Volunteer Rifle Corps. This body, though limited in number, also made a very creditable appearance. Their uniform was of that dark green colour, with black braid facings, usual amongst rile corps, as affording the least conspicuous mark to an enemy in skirmishing. The arms of the corps consisted of the rifle and the short sword, which is used in pl ace of the bayonet by troops of this armament.

 

If you would like to purchase individual, or a number of, plates from this CD use the button below to indicate the CD number (53) and the title of each plate. The cost is $1 per plate, with descriptions and photographs included where relevant.

CD number & plate title

 

Trooper, Port Phillip Yeomanry Volunteers, 1842     Trooper, Victoria Volunteer Yeomanry Corps, 1855     Bandsman, Melbourne Volunteer Rifle Brigade, 1855          Corporal & Captain, Geelong Volunteer Rifle Corps, 1856     Officer, Mounted Company, Victoria Volunteer Artillery Regiment, 1857     Corporal, 1st or Royal Victoria Volunteer Yeomanry Corps, 1859     Trooper, Ballarat Troop of Volunteer Cavalry, 1859     Rifleman, Belfast Volunteer Rifle Corps, 1860     Rifleman, Bendigo Volunteer Rifle Corps, 1860     Drill Sergeant, Paid Staff, 1860     Officer, Collingwood Battery, Royal Victoria Volunteer Artillery Regiment, 1860     Captain, Richmond Volunteer Rifle Corps, 1860     Corporal, Castlemaine Light Dragoons, 1860     Lieutenant, Warrnambool Volunteer Rifle Corps, 1860     Corporal, North Melbourne Volunteer Rifle Corps, 1860     Rifleman, South Melbourne Volunteer Mounted Rifle Corps, 1860     Sergeant, West Melbourne Volunteer Rifle Corps, 1860     Senior Sergeant, Scottish Company, Geelong Volunteer Rifle Corps, 1861     Musician, Victoria Volunteer Band, 1860     Bugler, Geelong Volunteer Rifle Corps, 1861     Trooper, Castlemaine Light Dragoons, 1861     Gunner, Prahan & South Yarra Battery, Royal Victoria Volunteer Artillery Regiment, 1861     Bandsman, Bendigo Volunteer Rifle Corps, 1861     Senior Sergeant, Geelong Mounted Volunteer Rifle Corps, 1861     Rifleman, Ballarat Volunteer Rifle Rangers, 1861     Lieutenant, Castlemaine Light Dragoons, 1862     Rifleman, Kyneton Mounted Volunteer Rifle Corps, 1861     Ensign, Collingwood Volunteer Rifle Corps, 1862     Corporal, Bendigo Volunteer Rifle Corps, 1862     Trooper, Ballarat Troop of Volunteer Cavalry, 1862     Musician, Head-quarter Band, 1862     Trooper, Unknown Mounted Corps, 1862     Corporal & Bugler, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1862     Sapper, Volunteer Engineer Corps, 1862     Lieutenant, Bacchus Marsh Mounted Volunteer Rifle Corps, 1862     Musician, Drum & Fife Band, 1863     Captain, Victorian Volunteer Rifles, 1863     Boy, Victorian Naval Reserve, 1863     Captain, Victorian Volunteer Rifles, 1864     Sergeant, Prince of Wales's Victorian Volunteer Light Horse (Hussars), 1864     Lieutenant, Victorian Navy, 1864     Ensign &  Rifleman, Castlemaine Corps, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1864    Driver, Royal Victorian Volunteer Artillery Regiment, 1864     Officer, Victorian Volunteer Rifles, 1864     Second Lieutenants, Royal Victorian Volunteer Artillery Regiment, 1864     Seaman, Victorian Naval Reserve, 1864     Corporal & Ensign, Volunteer Rifle Corps, 1864     Officer, Volunteer Staff, 1865     Gunner, Royal Victorian Volunteer Artillery Regiment, 1865     Midshipman, Victorian Navy, 1865     Bandsman, Ballarat Volunteer Rifle Rangers, 1865     Staff Sergeant, Paid Staff, 1865     Bugler, Maldon Company, Castlemaine Corps, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1865     Captain, Volunteer Engineers, 1866     Lieutenant, Ballarat Volunteer Rifle Rangers, 1866     Lieutenant, Ballarat Volunteer Rifle Rangers, 1866     Captain, Prince of Wales's own Victorian Volunteer Light Horse, 1866     Sapper, Volunteer Engineers, 1867     Captain, Ballarat Volunteer Rifle Rangers, 1868     Bandsman, Royal Victorian Volunteer Artillery Regiment, 1869     Trooper, Prince of Wales's own Victorian Volunteer Light Horse (Hussars), 1869     Gunner, Emerald Hill Battery, Royal Victorian Volunteer Artillery Regiment, 1870     Rifleman, Metropolitan Corps, Victorian Volunteer Rifles1872     Trooper, Prince of Wales's own Victorian Volunteer Light Horse (Hussars), 1872     Sub Lieutenant, Victorian Navy, 1872     Second Lieutenant, Ballarat Corps, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1873     Captain, Bendigo Corps, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1874     Rifleman, Ballarat Corps, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1874     Captain, Metropolitan Corps, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1874     Lieutenant, Victorian Artillery, 1875     Bandsman, Victorian Headquarters Band, 1875     Lance Bombardier, Royal Victorian Volunteer Artillery Regiment, 1875     District Officer, Victorian Volunteer Staff, 1876     Commandant, 1876     Trooper, Prince of Wales's own Victorian Volunteer Light Horse (Hussars), 1876     Officer, Volunteer Staff, 1876     Officer, Torpedo & Signal Corps, 1876     Officer, Victorian Staff, 1877     Officer, Volunteer Staff, 1877     Officers, Staff, Mess Dress, 1877     Officer, Torpedo & Signal Corps, 1877     Sapper, Volunteer Engineers, 1877     Lance Corporal, Castlemaine Corps, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1877     Seaman, Victorian Naval Reserve, 1878     Officer, Volunteer Staff, 1878     Lieutenant, Prince of Wales' Victorian Volunteer Light Horse (Hussars), 1878     Rifleman, Metropolitan Corps, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1878     Major, Castlemaine Corps, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1879     Sergeant, Ballarat Corps, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1879     Commandant, 1879     Lieutenant, Victorian Navy, 1879     Trooper, Prince of Wales's own Victorian Volunteer Light Horse (Hussars), 1879     Sergeant, Torpedo & Signal Corps, 1879     Corporal, Metropolitan Corps, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1880     Seaman, Victorian Naval Reserve, 1880     Rifleman, Ballarat Corps, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1881     Sergeant Major, Castlemaine Corps, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1881     Gunner, Victorian Permanent Artillery, 1881     Trooper, Prince of Wales's own Victorian Volunteer Light Horse (Hussars), 1881     Lieutenant, Metropolitan Corps, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1881     Captain, Torpedo & Signal Corps, 1881     Chaplain, Victorian Forces, 1882     Officer, Royal Victorian Volunteer Artillery Regiment, 1882     Rifleman, Metropolitan Corps, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1882     Postman, Melbourne, 1882     Captain, Volunteer Engineers, 1882     Officer, Castlemaine Corps, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1882     Captain, Metropolitan Corps, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1882     Lieutenant, Prince of Wales's own Victorian Volunteer Light Horse (Hussars), 1882     Officer, Metropolitan Corps, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1882     Sergeant Major, Volunteer Engineers, 1882     Rifleman, Metropolitan Corps, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1882     Gunner, Garrison Battery, Royal Victorian Volunteer Artillery Regiment, 1882     Bombardier, Field Battery, Royal Victorian Volunteer Artillery Regiment, 1882     Sergeant, Metropolitan Corps, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1883     Senior Officer, Headquarters Staff, 1883     Private, Torpedo Corps, 1883     Corporal, Ballarat Corps, Victoria Volunteer Rifles, 1883     Officer, Victorian Permanent Artillery, 1883     Seaman, Victorian Naval Reserve, 1884     Cadet, Geelong Grammar Cadet Corps, 1886     Cadet & Officer, Melbourne Grammar Cadet Corps, 1886     Lance Corporal, Scots College Cadet Corps, 1886     Cadet, Brunswick State School Cadet Corps, 1887     Cadet, Caulfield Grammar Cadet Corps, 1887     Seaman, Victorian Naval Brigade, 1887     Sergeant, Toorak College Cadet Corps, 1887     Cadet, Geelong Grammar Cadet Corps, 1888     Lieutenant, Victorian Naval Brigade, 1888     Corporal, Senior Division, Victorian Volunteer Cadet Corps, 1889     Corporal, Junior Division, Victorian Volunteer Cadet Corps, 1890     Captain, Headquarters Staff, Victorian Volunteer Cadet Corps, 1891     Chief & Senior Warders, Victorian Prison Service, 1891     Seaman, Victorian Navy, 1892     Cadet, Senior Division, Victorian Volunteer Cadet Corps, 1893     Sub-Lieutenant, Victorian Naval Brigade, 1893     Lieutenant, Victorian Navy, 1894     Captain, Victorian Volunteer Cadet Corps, 1894     Driver, Victorian Tramways, 1894     Corporal, Junior Division, Victorian Volunteer Cadet Corps, 1895     Corporal, Senior Division, Victorian Volunteer Cadet Corps, 1896     Cadet, Senior Division, Victorian Volunteer Cadet Corps, 1897     Seaman, Victorian Navy, 1898     Lieutenant, Junior Division, Victorian Volunteer Cadet Corps, 1899     Sub-Lieutenant, Victorian Navy, 1899     Captain, Victorian Volunteer Cadet Corps, 1899      Bandsman, Military Band, General Post Office, Melbourne, 1900     Sub-Lieutenant & Seaman, Boxer Rebellion Contingent, Victorian Naval Brigade, 1900     Lieutenant, 1st Battalion, Senior Cadets, Victorian Volunteer Cadet Corps, 1901     Bandsman, Victorian Railways Band, 1901     Cadets, Senior Battalion, Victorian Volunteer Cadet Corps, 1902